The Armenian Constitution guarantees equal rights to men and women. Everyone has the right to a life free from violence and fear. Violence against women and domestic violence are crimes.
If you have experienced domestic violence, you have the right to
- Be treated with respect and dignity;
- Report violence and file a complaint to the police;
- Receive protection from the perpetrator(s) for yourself and your children;
- Be informed about the prosecution process or court proceedings;
- Seek remedies and compensation;
- Receive support and shelter;
- File a complaint to the Ombudsperson’s office, if your rights are not respected.
When you call the police emergency number to report domestic violence, the following protection measures can be implemented:
Warning is applied when Police identify a case of domestic violence for the first time, case does not have evident elements of an offence and there are no grounds for an emergency intervention. It includes a notification on applicable legal sanctions in case of continuing or repeated violence.
The warning is issued as soon as possible after having learned about the case. A copy of the decision is served to the perpetrator against signed acknowledgment, or via phone or mail if the perpetrator is absent. It is subject to appeal in hierarchical order within one month after the perpetrator has received it.
An emergency intervention order is made to protect the life and health of a victim of domestic violence when there is an imminent risk of repeated violence. It may also be issued if a violent act without elements of offence is committed within one year after receiving a warning. Its validity term cannot exceed twenty days.
An emergency intervention order may 1) immediately and forcibly remove the perpetrator from the residence of the victim and prohibit their return until the established deadline; 2) prohibit them from visiting the workplace, school or residence of the victim or persons under victim’s care, etc.
The protection order is issued to protect the victim of domestic violence and persons under the victim’s care and prevent new acts of violence. It is issued for a period of up to 6 months and can be extended by the court for up to 3 months twice.
The protection order may 1) immediately and forcibly remove the perpetrator from the residence of the victim and prohibit their return until the established deadline; 2) prohibit them from visiting the workplace, school or residence of the victim or persons under victim’s care; 3) prohibit child visitations, if necessary, 4) require the perpetrator to attend a rehabilitation program.
Republic of Armenia Law on Prevention of violence within the family, protection of victims of violence within the family and restoration of peace in the family
European Convention on Human Rights
The Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence
- Hotline service;
- Inform the applicants about their rights, and services available to them, as well as protection measures and how to implement them;
- Provide necessary psychological, legal and social support to victims of domestic violence, free of charge;
- Refer minors who have witnessed domestic violence to children support centers;
- Provide shelter to victims of domestic violence and persons under their care as provided by law;
- Study the causes and circumstances of domestic violence, maintain statistics on cases of domestic violence and present the results to the authorized agency;
- Organize rehabilitation for perpetrators of domestic violence; perpetrators receive copies of the warning and the decision for emergency intervention, after which they are offered support in the organization of their rehabilitation at the earliest possible date;
- Support victims of domestic violence in finding employment and receiving state- or non-governmental agency-provided social support;
- Refer to the Police to receive protection for the applicants (with the latter’s consent), as well as refer to the law court to apply for a Protection Order as provided by law